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Participation skills

Essentially, education for sustainable development (ESD) aims to enable the individual (learner) to actively and responsibly shape our common future - which centres on the ability to see the difference between a sustainable and an unsustainable development. This in turn prerequisites particular, sustainability-oriented knowledge and skills acquired via respective learning opportunities.

In Germany, a set of twelve "Participation Skills" (Gestaltungskompetenz) - originally made out by Prof. Gerhard de Haan and Dorothee Harenberg in 1999 (Institut Futur Freie Universitaet Berlin) - serve as a basis for ESD curriculum development.

Accordingly, ESD projects should clearly support the students' aptness to ....

  1. build knowledge in an open-minded fashion and integrate new perspectives
  2. analyse and assess development anticipatorily and circumspectly
  3. gain inter-disciplinary insights and act accordingly
  4. discern and judge risks, danger and uncertainties
  5. plan and act together with others
  6. consider conflicting aims in the reflection of strategic actions
  7. participate in collective decision-making processes
  8. motivate themselves and others to get involved
  9. reflect their own and other people's guiding principles
  10. base decision-making and actions on notions of fairness & equality
  11. plan and act independently
  12. develop empathy for and show solidarity with the disadvantaged 

German sources:


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